Below is a glossary of terminology common to the meat and livestock supply chain industry. Below this glossary are links to other industry sector specific glossaries.

RMSCC Glossary

Term Abbreviation Description Authority Livestock Processing Distribution/ Export/ Retail
Agent Any third party that acts on behalf of an organisation to facilitate a sale.
Agistment Practice of letting livestock or other animals graze on a pasture without selling the animals to the owner of that pasture, instead paying the landowner for the amount of time or a portion of the animals selling price.
Animal Health Australia AHA Oversaw the development of the Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines.
Anthelmentics Type of medicine used to treat worms in cattle, such as roundworms and tapeworms.
Application Identifier AI Numbers that are placed at the start of a data section in a barcode and EPC/RFID. Application identifiers help identify the purpose and format of the section.
Application Programming Interface API A type of software or computer interface that allows other programs to talk to each other.
AUS-MEAT Limited AUS-MEAT Not-for-profit industry owned company. Oversees standards relating to the red meat industry's trade language specifications and usage.
Australian Livestock and Rural Transporters Association ALRTA Peak body representing road transport businesses that carry livestock in the agricultural supply chain.
Australian Livestock Processing Industry Animal Welfare Certification System AAWSC An independently audited certification program used by livestock processors to demonstrate compliance with the industry best practice animal welfare standards.
Australian Lot Feeders Association ALFA Peak national body representing the Australian cattle feedlot industry.
Australian Meat Industry Council AMIC The Australian red meat industry's peak body for Retail, Processing and Smallgoods Industry Groups.
Australian Meat Industry Language and Standards Committee AMILSC Oversees and endorses standards for AUS-MEAT and other organisations in the meat industry.
Australian Meat Processor Corporation AMPC The R&D Corporation for the Australian red meat industry, as established in the industry's Red Meat Memorandum of Understanding.
Bobby Calve Newborn calves, less than 30 days old, that are born to cows in the dairy industry that are separated from the mothers.
BREEDPLAN An optional program for beef cattle breeders that genetically evaluates animals in their herd.
Cattle Council of Australia CCA The peak national body for Australian Beef producers.
Chain The physical machinery that carcases are attached to in a meat processor. Meat processing plants can order their production around the chains, with each chain potentially having a different livestock species for each one.
Check digit A number in a GS1 barcode at the end of an ID Key, used to verify the ID Key's accuracy.
Co products Any product that is processed alongside the traditional cuts of meat in an abattoir or meat processor. Typically used for offal, but can include other products such as hides.
Code-128 A barcode symbology standard.
Critical Tracking Event CTE A point in a supply chain where a product is transferred or transformed. This point requires critical information to be gathered about the event, termed Key Data Elements.
Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment DAWE A department in the Australian Federal government.
eDEC An electronic version of the LPA NVD form. Is being superseded by the eNVD system.
Electronic Data Interchange EDI A message format that allows electronic messages to transfer from one computer to another without human interaction.
Electronic Meat Transfer Certificate eMTC An electronic version of an MTC.
Electronic National Vendor Declaration eNVD Electronic version of an LPA NVD.
European Union Cattle Accreditation Scheme EUCAS A voluntary program that producers, saleyard operators, abattoirs and feedlots can opt into. Allows access to sell meat products to EU markets.
Export Meat Industry Advisory Committee EMIAC Consultative body between the red meat industry's Export sector and the Australian Government.
Feed Supplements Mineral and trace minerals added to feed to help increase intake when cattle are unable to receive it from grass.
Food Standards Australia and New Zealand FSANZ A statutory authority that develops standards on food health and safety.
Function 1 Symbol Character See Function Code 1 (FNC1).
Function Code 1 FNC1 A barcode character that is placed before an Application Identifier in a GS1-128 barcode. It is not visible in the human-readable format of a GS1-128 barcode, but helps signify to a computer or barcode reader that the next section will be some form of an Application Identifier.
Global Data Synchronisation Network GDSN A network of interoperable, internet-accessible data pools that GS1 subscribers can access to obtain data such as GLN’s and GTIN’s.
Global Location Number GLN A GS1 ID Key that identifies legal entities, locations and trading partners.
Global Standards 1 GS1 Not-for-profit member organisation that provides open standards on business communications, including barcodes, electronic messages and RFID tags.
Global Trade Item Number GTIN A GS1 ID Key used to identify objects that are considered to be trade items.
GS1 Company Prefix A unique identification number used in GS1 ID Keys (e.g. GTIN) that identifies a GS1 member organisation or company.
GS1 eCOM Electronic Data Interchange GS1 EANCOM A set of electronic messaging standards covering how to use and transmit GS1 ID Keys.
GS1 ID keys A group of barcode section formats used to identify different things for a business. For example, the GTIN is a GS1 ID Key used to identify an organisation's Trade Items.
GS1 Identification numbers See GS1 ID Keys.
GS1-128 A subset of the Code-128 barcode standard used by GS1 to represent a range of information in the one barcode, including GS1 ID Keys other types of data.
Head A count of the number of cattle in a herd.
Hormone Growth Promotant HGP Implants that can cause faster growth, more efficient feed conversation and other benefits. Some markets require HGP for access, while others require animals to be HGP-free.
Integrity Systems Company ISC A wholly-owned subsidiary of MLA that oversees the implementation of red meat integrity system programs, such as NLIS, LPA and NVD.
International Committee for Animal Recording ICAR An NGO that provides guidelines, standards and certification for animal identification, animal recording and animal evaluation.
International Meat Trade Association IMTA A not-for profit organisation that focuses on issues around meat imports, exports and trade both between and to the UK and EU.
Key Data Elements KDE Data or information that is defined as being critical to tracking and tracing a product.
Kill Agenda Order in which an abattoir or meat processor will slaughter received cattle.
Knocking Another term for stunning an animal at slaughter.
Light Margins White space added to the left and right of a barcode. Each barcode type will have a required minimum amount of space that the light margin needs to fill.
Livestock Production Assurance LPA A voluntary program that livestock producers can join to prove that their organisation complies with certain animal safety and welfare criteria.
Livestock Production Assurance National Vendor Declaration LPA NVD A type of legal document required by businesses that are LPA accredited. Captures information on food safety and treatment status at each point along the supply chain it moves.
Meat & Livestock Australia MLA The industry marketing service provider for the Australian red meat industry.
Meat products A term used to describe meat after it has been processed by any method, such as cooking, curing, or fermenting.
Meat Standards Australia MSA A standards organisation that sets and defines criteria for assessing red meat quality.
Meat Transfer Certificate MTC Document that accompanies meat and meat products being transferred between export registered establishments.
MSA Vendor Declaration A document covering information related to MSA grading and standards, to be passed between an MSA licensed supplier to an MSA licensed abattoir.
National Feedlot Accreditation Scheme NFAS A quality assurance program managed by AUS-MEAT that covers product integrity, quality and acceptability for the purpose of marketing beef as grain fed.
National Livestock Identification System NLIS An identification and traceability system that assigns a unique identification code to each individual animal. Allows collation of an individual animal’s data as it travels through different properties and businesses over time.
NFAS Declaration Form See NFAS Delivery Docket.
NFAS Delivery Docket A type of vendor declaration form carrying information for the fulfillment of the National Feedlot Accreditation Scheme. It is required by NFAS accredited feedlots to provide to AUS-MEAT Accredited Processing Establishments.
Paunch Another word for the rumen, the first stomach in ruminant animals.
Peak Body An advocacy group or trade association, often between governments and industry, created around a particular issue that has been decided to have a great importance to those industry sectors. Often they are funded in some degree through the government.
Post Sale Summary A document given to a buyer after purchase at a saleyard. Contains information on the cattle’s origin, as well as an animal’s food safety, biosecurity or market eligibility status.
Property Identification Code PIC A unique, eight-digit code used to identify a producer's property for the purpose of tracing which properties individual animals have traveled to and stayed in.
Quiet Zones See Light Margins.
Red Meat Advisory Council RMAC A peak body that acts as an advisory forum between the red meat industry sectors and the Australian Government.
Red Meat Memorandum of Understanding MOU A formal agreement between the Australian Federal government and the meat industry made on the 27th April 1998 that set out the peak industry bodies and funding for the Australian red meat industry.
SAFEMEAT A consultative partnership between the Australian government and industry representatives that discuss issues relating to food safety and integrity systems.
Serial Shipping Container Code SSCC A GS1 ID Key used to identify logistics units, such as a carton, case or pallet.
Tropical Beef Content TBC Metric for estimating the percentage of genetics of Bos indicus in cattle. Used in MSA Grading.
Vendor Declaration A document issued by a vendor to certify the origin of the vendor’s product. Examples include the EUVD, required for cattle under EUCAS, and the LPA NVD, required for cattle under the LPA scheme.
Veterinary Drugs Any type of antibiotic, vaccine or pharmaceutical given to a livestock animal. Recording the administration of a veterinary drug can be important information when proving compliance with animal health and welfare regulations, or meeting market access requirements.
Waybill Any form of document that is used as proof of receiving livestock or products for transport or export. Contains information on the sender, their property, and the livestock or product being received (number, weight, identification type, etc.).

Links to glossaries of the standards organisations that relate to the meat industry

GS1 Australia Glossary


MLA Glossary